Olduvai Gorge Safari
The Olduvai Gorge normally known as the “Cradle of Mankind” is an archaeological site situated in the eastern part of the vast Serengeti plains. The ravine is has very steep sides approximated to be thirty miles long and 295 feet deep. This gorge was named after ‘Oldupaai’ a Maasai word that means wild sisal plant. This name Olduvai was eventually taken on as the official name in the year 2005 led by the excavation of Louis plus Mary Leakey which started in 1931 and went on until the 21st century.
For those enthusiastic about the story and revolution of humanity, the Olduvai Gorge is the perfect place to visit. It was designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage site in 1979 because of its exceptional ecological as well as geological value. It is the one destination on the planet sheered in layers of ancient finds dating back to over 2.5 million years.
As one among the most significant archaeological sites found in the entire world, this Olduvai Gorge has been very helpful in better understanding of ancient human evolution. Numerous hominid remains that date back to over 2.5 million years, among which is the skull of the ‘primitive hominid’ australopithecus boisei as known as the ‘nutcracker man’, which species became extinct approximately a million years back in time.
Olduvai fossilized footprints
Regardless of the debate surrounding the explanation of several of the Olduvai samples, scientists concur that there is no other location that has produced animal bones, ancient hominid remains and stone tools, which are very accurately related in such a much understood environment. The fossilized footprints said to be 3.75 million year old, which were discovered by Dr. Mary Leakey back in 1975 in close proximity to laetoli, confirmed that our pre-human ancestors walked in a position that was upright, and this is extensively ranked among the best palaeoanthropogical discoveries into the ancient century. It is from this discovery that many in the scientific society concluded that modern man in fact evolved in Eastern Africa.
Tourists, will visiting a place that was a huge lake more than a million years ago, whose sides are covered with many layers of volcanic-ash. Approximately five thousand years ago, seismic activity turned the course an adjacent stream which, after a while, cut through the sediments and exposed 7 layers in the gorge’s walls. These layers exposed tools said to be 2.6 million years old, bones of ancient huminid forms – not today’s human, proof of elephant consumption, basing on an almost complete skeleton of died out Elephas Recki in bed 6 together with ancient stone tools like choppers plus flakes, as well as huge numbers of much smaller animals discovered, identifying this exact area -FLK North as a long ago butchering site. In beds 3 and 4 Acheulean tools plus fossil bones have been discovered and these are approximated to be more than 600,000 years old. The quantity of history entrenched within these rock layers draws one’s imagination and offers a glimpse into the evolution of the human race.
If just for the pleasure of trekking along the very footpaths of these immeasurably significant discoveries, the Olduvai Gorge occurrence is probable to surely satisfy your wish of experiencing man’s historical evolution. Fortunately a museum was constructed on site. There are lodges plus camping areas in the vicinity, as well as arranged tours in the area can be availed to the tourists.
However you can consult your safari tour-operator to organize a memorable safari for you to the Olduvai Gorge. And because the northern circuit of Tanzania safari is normally very busy, particularly through the high season, I would recommend that you organize a before time. Reading the literature about the evolution of humankind from the different historic books is great but in reality setting foot on the very grounds where our forbears walked and actually evolved to what we humans are today is rather very exceptional!